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كيفية تثبيت MariaDB على أوبونتو 20.04 بسهولة 2021

Install MariaDB on Ubuntu 20.04

MariaDB هو خادم قاعدة بيانات مفتوح المصدر متشعب من نظام إدارة قواعد البيانات الشهير MySQL. لقد استبدلت MySQL كخادم قاعدة بيانات افتراضي لمعظم أنظمة تشغيل Linux.

 

سترى هنا كيفية تثبيت MariaDB على أوبونتو 20.04 بسهولة 2021

قم بتثبيت MariaDB من MariaDB Mirror

تقدم مؤسسة MariaDB MariaDB v10.4 لأوبونتو 20.04. يمكنك اختيار أي واحدة من المرايا من صفحة تنزيل MariaDB لتنزيلها.

 

sudo apt update sudo apt install -y software-properties-common apt-transport-https ca-certificates
أضف مفتاح توقيع MariaDB إلى نظامك.

 

sudo apt-key adv –fetch-keys ‘https://mariadb.org/mariadb_release_signing_key.asc’
استخدم الأمر add-apt-repository لإضافة مستودع MariaDB إلى نظامك.

 

sudo add-apt-repository ‘deb [arch=amd64,arm64,ppc64el] http://sfo1.mirrors.digitalocean.com/mariadb/repo/10.4/ubuntu focal main’
الآن ، قم بتثبيت MariaDB باستخدام الأمر التالي.
sudo apt update sudo apt install -y mariadb-server mariadb-client
استخدم mysql_secure_installation لتعيين كلمة مرور جذر MariaDB وتأمين تثبيت خادم MariaDB.

 

sudo mysql_secure_installation

النتيجة

NOTE: RUNNING ALL PARTS OF THIS SCRIPT IS RECOMMENDED FOR ALL MariaDB SERVERS IN PRODUCTION USE! PLEASE READ EACH STEP CAREFULLY! In order to log into MariaDB to secure it, we’ll need the current password for the root user. If you’ve just installed MariaDB, and haven’t set the root password yet, you should just press enter here. Enter current password for root (enter for none): << Just Press Enter OK, successfully used password, moving on… Setting the root password or using the unix_socket ensures that nobody can log into the MariaDB root user without the proper authorisation. You already have your root account protected, so you can safely answer ‘n’. Switch to unix_socket authentication [Y/n] N << Since we set MariaDB root password, we do not need to enable unix_socket authentication … skipping. You already have your root account protected, so you can safely answer ‘n’. Change the root password? [Y/n] Y << Set MariaDB root password New password: *** << Enter New Psssword Re-enter new password: *** << Re-Enter New Password Password updated successfully! Reloading privilege tables.. … Success! By default, a MariaDB installation has an anonymous user, allowing anyone to log into MariaDB without having to have a user account created for them. This is intended only for testing, and to make the installation go a bit smoother. You should remove them before moving into a production environment. Remove anonymous users? [Y/n] Y << Remove Anonymous Users … Success! Normally, root should only be allowed to connect from ‘localhost’. This ensures that someone cannot guess at the root password from the network. Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n] Y << Disallow root login remotely … Success! By default, MariaDB comes with a database named ‘test’ that anyone can access. This is also intended only for testing, and should be removed before moving into a production environment. Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n] Y << Remove test database – Dropping test database… … Success! – Removing privileges on test database… … Success! Reloading the privilege tables will ensure that all changes made so far will take effect immediately. Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n] Y << Reload Tables … Success! Cleaning up… All done! If you’ve completed all of the above steps, your MariaDB installation should now be secure. Thanks for using MariaDB!
قم بتثبيت MariaDB من مستودع Ubuntu
استخدم الأمر apt لتثبيت MariaDB.

 

sudo apt update sudo apt install -y mariadb-server mariadb-client
استخدم mysql_secure_installation لتعيين كلمة مرور جذر MariaDB وتأمين تثبيت خادم MariaDB.

 

sudo mysql_secure_installation

النتيجة

NOTE: RUNNING ALL PARTS OF THIS SCRIPT IS RECOMMENDED FOR ALL MariaDB SERVERS IN PRODUCTION USE! PLEASE READ EACH STEP CAREFULLY! In order to log into MariaDB to secure it, we’ll need the current password for the root user. If you’ve just installed MariaDB, and you haven’t set the root password yet, the password will be blank, so you should just press enter here. Enter current password for root (enter for none): << Just Press Enter OK, successfully used password, moving on… Setting the root password ensures that nobody can log into the MariaDB root user without the proper authorisation. Set root password? [Y/n] Y << Set MariaDB root password New password: *** << Enter New Psssword Re-enter new password: *** << Re-Enter New Password Password updated successfully! Reloading privilege tables.. … Success! By default, a MariaDB installation has an anonymous user, allowing anyone to log into MariaDB without having to have a user account created for them. This is intended only for testing, and to make the installation go a bit smoother. You should remove them before moving into a production environment. Remove anonymous users? [Y/n] Y << Remove Anonymous Users … Success! Normally, root should only be allowed to connect from ‘localhost’. This ensures that someone cannot guess at the root password from the network. Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n] Y << Disallow root login remotely … Success! By default, MariaDB comes with a database named ‘test’ that anyone can access. This is also intended only for testing, and should be removed before moving into a production environment. Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n] Y << Remove test database – Dropping test database… … Success! – Removing privileges on test database… … Success! Reloading the privilege tables will ensure that all changes made so far will take effect immediately. Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n] Y << Reload Tables … Success! Cleaning up… All done! If you’ve completed all of the above steps, your MariaDB installation should now be secure. Thanks for using MariaDB!
يستخدم MariaDB آلية مصادقة Unix Socket ، والتي تمنع الوصول إلى مستخدم MariaDB الجذر من مستخدمي Unix الآخرين الذين يقومون بتسجيل الدخول أو التطبيقات ، مثل phpMyAdmin. لتعطيل مصادقة Unix Socket وتمكين كلمة المرور الأصلية ، اتبع الخطوات التالية.
تسجيل الدخول كمستخدم جذر MariaDB.
sudo mysql -u root -p
لا توجد كلمة مرور مطلوبة
use mysql; update user set plugin=’mysql_native_password’ where user=’root’; flush privileges; quit;
يمكنك الآن تسجيل الدخول باعتبارك المستخدم الجذر MariaDB دون أي مشكلة.

 

الوصول إلى MariaDB

للوصول إلى MariaDB shell لإنشاء قواعد بيانات أو أي أنشطة متعلقة بقاعدة البيانات ، قم بتشغيل الأمر التالي على الجهاز.

 

sudo mysql -u root -p
أدخل كلمة مرور المستخدم الجذر MariaDB الذي قمت بتعيينه عند تأمين تثبيت mysql_secure_installation.

 

بمجرد إدخال كلمة المرور ، ستحصل على MariaDB shell.
Welcome to the MariaDB monitor. Commands end with ; or \g. Your MariaDB connection id is 58 Server version: 10.3.22-MariaDB-1ubuntu1 Ubuntu 20.04 Copyright (c) 2000, 2018, Oracle, MariaDB Corporation Ab and others. Type ‘help;’ or ‘\h’ for help. Type ‘\c’ to clear the current input statement. MariaDB [(none)]>

خدمة التحكم في MariaDB

sudo systemctl start mariadb sudo systemctl stop mariadb

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